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Periodontal Disease and Osteoporosis

Periodontal disease is characterized by a progressive loss of supportive gingival tissue in the gums and jawbone.  It is the number one cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world.  Periodontal disease occurs when toxins found in oral plaque inflame and irritate the soft tissues surrounding the teeth.  If left untreated, bacteria colonies initially cause the systematic destruction of gum tissue, and then proceed to destroy the underlying bone tissue.

Osteoporosis is a common metabolic bone disease which frequently occurs in postmenopausal women, and occurs less frequently in men.  Osteoporosis is characterized by bone fragility, low bone mass and a decrease in bone mineral density.  Many studies have explored and identified a connection between periodontal disease and osteoporosis.

A study conducted at the University of New York at Buffalo in 1995 concluded that post-menopausal women who suffered from osteoporosis were 86% more likely to also develop periodontal disease.

Reasons for the Connection

Though studies are still being conducted in order to further assess the extent of the relationship between osteoporosis and periodontal disease, the researchers have thus far made the following connections:

  • Estrogen deficiency – Estrogen deficiency accompanies menopause and also speeds up the progression of oral bone loss.  The lack of estrogen accelerates the rate of attachment loss (fibers and tissues which keep the teeth stable are destroyed).

  • Low mineral bone density – This is thought to be one of several causes of osteoporosis, and the inflammation from periodontal disease makes weakened bones more prone to break down.  This is why periodontitis can be more progressive in patients with osteoporosis.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Osteoporosis and periodontal disease are much less dangerous if they are diagnosed in the early stages.  Once a diagnosis has been made, the dentist will generally work with the patient’s doctor to ensure that both diseases are effectively controlled.

Here are some methods commonly used to diagnose and treat the diseases:

  • Routine dental x-rays – X-rays can be effectively used to screen for bone loss in the upper and lower jaw, and the dentist can provide interventions for preventing and treating periodontal disease.  It is believed that minimizing periodontal disease will help treat osteoporosis.

  • Estrogen supplements – Providing post-menopausal women with estrogen supplements lowers the rate of attachment loss and also lowers gingival inflammation, which in turn protects the teeth from periodontal disease.

  • Assessment of risk factors – Dentists and doctors are able to closely monitor the patients that are at an increased risk of developing both diseases by assessing family history, medical history, X-ray results, current medications and modifiable risk factors.  Tobacco use, obesity, poor diet and estrogen deficiency can all be managed using a combination of education, support and prescription medications.

If you have any questions about periodontal disease and its connection with osteoporosis, please ask your dentist.

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I would like to take this opportunity to let people who are looking for a great and caring dentist to go to Dr. Reed Spears. I've gone to many dentists in my life and have never met one who is gentle and caring as he's been to me. He has a great team with wonderful personalities and are caring also. In my opinion he's the best there is and I wouldn't ever want anyone else but Dr. Reed Spears and his team. I thought a lot of Sandra, Kim and everyone else on his team. I actually look forward to my visits.

Mardi Newton Creedmoor, NC

"They have state of the art equipment and a nice view of the cow pasture. Dr. Bart is great with kids and adults. He is truly a painless dentist!"

Anonymous

Hi,

I am a new patient of Bart Cleary's and his staff.

I had lots of negelected dental work that needed to be taken care of . Many of which had to be cosmetically restored. It has only been about 4 months since we have started the work on my teeth and they look and feel so much better. Bart Cleary and his staff do very good work ! They not only do good work but are painless and very pleasant to work with. I had to have a root canal on one of my front teeth,.... thinking I was going to hurt so much after wards ( You know the horror stories you hear about root canals), After the root canal I went back to work having no pain during or after the procedure.

Good people with great personalities ! They definitely have what it takes to run a great dentist office that makes you feel welcome ! Thanks for all you have done ! Looking foreward to my next visit !

Tina Tarlton Smith, a very satisfied new patient Oxford, NC

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